A maquete como um croqui
Presents the teaching experience of using scale models as a means for the presentation and manipulation of the first ideas by students in a Project of the Built Environment 1 course in a School of Architecture and Urban Design. Discusses, as its main theme, the possibilities of creation and representation of the first ideas by beginning students. We perceive that the difficulties that arise at the beginning of design activities become intertwined, in beginning students, with difficulties related to architectural representation.
What is the role of different types of representation in architecture for beginner student? It was possible to obtain better results while "teaching experience" subverting the classic role of graphical representation exercises in a studio? The work raises questions about the teaching of architecture design and possible methodological repercussions that help the beginner of design practice in the development of their ideas. The paper begins by discussing issues related to the representation in architecture, both graphically and through scale models. Then presents a methodological proposal for the exercises in the studio, discussing the results reported.
The synthesis of the project, through the model, allows a clearer analysis even for the inexperienced student in dealing with projectual constraints and the project itself, thus obtaining interesting results as well as process and as product. Analysis of the results shows that the application of the scale model as the main element of discussion and presentation of the first ideas for the realization of the project was quite fertile, given the conditions that the exercise was developed and which must be observed: the student is beginner in design practice - are their first experiences in Workshops Project; the creation of a culture on the theme worked is essential - the study of similar projects, visit to the site, the clarity of the instruments of labor; the constant presentation and critique of the object designed by both the student and his colleagues as the teacher - activity performed in all classes, in the various stages of development.
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